Difference between Ghazal and Nazm in Urdu

difference ghazal nazm urdu

Urdu Poetry is associated with the lyric poetry and tradition. There are numerous forms of Urdu poetry and two of them are Ghazal and Nazm. They both are the foundation of the Urdu Poetry. All the Urdu poetry forms are used as a feeling of expression by the writer.

It is being said that the Ghazal is the heart of the Urdu Poetry tradition. Despite the various variations between a Ghazal and a Nazm, the major difference between the two is that the Ghazals are subjective while the Nazms are objective in nature. Many people are not aware of the fact that the Urdu Poetry is only shaped for a Ghazal and a Nazm.

difference ghazal nazm urdu
Being objective in nature, a person has to fully go through the Nazm in order to understand its meaning because throughout the flow it is written in the same theme. On another hand, all the verses of a Ghazal have their own theme and thus, a reader can easily understand the meaning of it. There is no specific theme of a Ghazal.
Nazm is also known as ‘Geet’ which is considered to be a logically developing poem where every verse serves its own purpose or theme. On other hand, Ghazal means ‘talking to women’, which means praising a woman through poetry. A Ghazal is a collection of couplets where each of them is completely different and unrelated to each other, yet are complete individually.

The twin deities who preside over the Ghazal are Bachhus and Eros whose influence has made a Ghazal as a passionate, expressive, longing and an emotional desire. So, Ghazal and Nazm have quite differences and there are numerous people who when to develop an interest in reading or knowing more about Urdu poetry, often gets confused between these two poetry forms.

Both, Ghazal and Nazm are the meaningful and a polite Urdu poetry forms but have some common differences.
Apart from the nature of Ghazal and Nazm, another difference between the two is their size where Ghazal is a combination of short poems which includes 9 to 10 verses with minimum five couplets written in the same meter. On the other hand, Nazm doesn’t follow any rules for the rhyming scheme as well as the length and thus, it contains multiple paragraphs depending on the content and the writer.

In terms of restrictions, a Ghazal has two restrictions, a first verse, Matla and the last verse, Maqta. On the other hand, there is no restriction while writing a Nazm. Maqta means pen name, which is used at the last in a Ghazal whereas, in Nazm, the writer can use his pen name anywhere between the lines.

A Ghazal cannot be divided into the categories, but a Nazm can be subdivided according to the topics and the themes. The three sub-categories of a Nazm include Masnavi, Qasida, and Marsia.

All in all, we can say that a Ghazal and a Nazm are two corners of Urdu Poetry which binds all the other forms together.

Chennai Express Movie Review Sharukh Khan Deepika Padukone

The heavy promotions and the continuous ads and songs on Television paid off after the much hyped movie Chennai Express has released.And we have brought the Movie review of Chennai Express for You.

Rahul and Meenakshi

Well,to be sure this movie has real clever laughter and good comic timing from Shahrukh and Deepika has leveraged this film to a Comedy Action Thriller.Direction is good by Rohit Shetty and the screenplay is average.


Rahul(SRK),showing his back to his friends to go on a trip to Goa,goes to  Rameshwaram with the ashes of his Late grandfather,boarding Chennai Express.But,in the train he meets the beautiful  Meenakshi aka Meenamma(Deepika Padukone),who is running from her imposing father,who is accidentally a South DON.From one to other, the two reach said village. Towering hulk who is also would-be-groom of Meenakshi  arrives to growl and snarl.Then starts their journey to fight the evils,DON and The would-be-groom and makes them fall in love.


Rohit Shetty makes Chennai Express revel in ridiculousness and has a superstar crack jokes that are certainly beneath him. But he succeeds in his mission to entertain simply because of his actors who add marvel to his second rate jokes. Perhaps the best part of the film is when Meena and Rahul communicate through Hindi songs; it is the only place where the screenplay reflects imaginative quality.

Final Review
Yes,the film comes with a No Smoking Statutory Warning,but it should come with Throw-your-brains Statutory Warning.The jokes are somrtimes cheap,but becuase of the flawless acting and charisma of both the actors,Chennai Express manages to float above the other Wannabe films.
I give it 3 Stars

Chennai Express
Reviewed by Abhijit Mahidaon Aug 09 2013
Rating: 3